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Job Classification according to Hygiene of Work

Pursuant to Article 103, Clause 1 (b), Labour Code Nr. 262/2006 Coll. as amended and Article 37, Act Nr. 258/2000 Coll., employers shall, subject to the rules given below, prepare and submit to the regional Hygiene Station a Draft of job classification according to hygiene of work. The Draft shall be submitted by all entities that employ natural persons based on employment or similar contracts (hereinafter referred to as “Employer”) within 30 calendar days after the commencement of work activities. Unclassified jobs performed at the Employer’s workplace shall be deemed to be Jobs class 1.

Job Classification

  1. Jobs are classified into four categories based on the occurrence of factors that may affect employees’ health and the degree of risk for health. Criteria, factors and limits applied to classify jobs are set by the applicable executive regulation.
  2. The competent Public Health Authority decides about upgrading jobs in classes 2, 3, or 4. The Draft shall be submitted by all entities that employ natural persons based on employment or similar contracts (hereinafter referred to as “Employer”) within 30 calendar days after the commencement of work activities. Unclassified jobs performed at the Employer’s workplace shall be deemed to be Jobs class 1.
  3. In the Draft of job classification the Employer shall give results of risk assessment assessing potential hazards to employees’ health, including results of measurement of concentrations and intensity of factors affecting work environment with hygienic limits, any types and species of biological agents that have been found, may endanger health and are listed in a special legal regulation, the number of employees and the methods used to protect their health.
  4. The Employer shall forthwith notify the competent public health authority of any change in work conditions that may affect the job classification. In its notification to the public health authority the Employer shall give results of measurements of factors affecting work conditions.

Categories of Jobs

Classification of jobs in one of the four categories (hereinafter referred to as “classification”) expresses the overall assessment of an employee’s exposure to factors affecting, from the health point of view, the quality of work conditions. Jobs are classified based on the assessment of occurrence and risk rate of factors that may affect the employees’ health and based on the level of health protection.

  1. Class 1 includes jobs carried out under conditions that have no, according to the current knowledge, probably adverse influence on an employee’s health.
  2. Class 2 includes jobs where the factor indicators to which employees are exposed (hereinafter referred to as “exposures”) do not exceed hygienic limits set hereby and by the special legal regulation to regulate protection of employees’ health, but where it is impossible to exclude that adverse effects in susceptible individuals can occur after the exposure. Jobs classified usually as Class 2 are jobs requiring, pursuant to the applicable special regulations, medical fitness of workers performing the work and also jobs classified as Class 2 by the Public Health Authority.
  3. Class 3 includes jobs where the exposure of employees to the factors is not reliably downsized by technical provisions to levels set by hygienic limits and it is inevitable to use personal protective equipment and to apply organizational and other protective provisions (hereinafter referred to as “protective provisions”) to protect the employees’ health.
  4. Class 4 includes jobs and work processes linked with high risk to health that cannot be eliminated in full even with available and applicable protective provisions.

Factors and limits for inclusion in Classes 2 to 4 according to measurable exposures are listed in Annex 1 to the Regulation above. Jobs with exposures lower than limits set for Class 2 are classified as Jobs Class 1. Jobs impossible to classify based on criteria listed in Annex 1, Part A, are classified based on the current knowledge of their impacts on the employees’ health. A reference list of jobs is given in Annex 1, Part B, thereto. When classifying jobs, interactions of factors are taken into consideration, if such interactions are known.

High-Risk Jobs

  1. Pursuant to Act Nr. 258/2000 Coll., a high-risk job means a job that may result in occupational disease or another ailment related to work and it is classified as Class 3 and 4, or it can be classified as Class 2 if decided so by the Public Health Authority.
  2. Where high-risk jobs are carried out, the employers shall be obliged as follows:
  3. Ensure that dangerous chemical substances, chemical preparations and biological agents listed in the applicable special regulation be safely stored and handled,
  4. Arrange for immediate measurement of factors affecting work conditions if requested so by preventive health care facility providing preventive health care in the company, or if decided so by the Public Health Authority,
  5. Find causes of exceeding limiting values in biological exposure tests and ensure that the causes be eliminated; inform forthwith its employees,
  6. Submit the scope of provisions to limit the factors with adverse impact on health to the lowest reasonable level for approval to the Public Health Authority before their implementation. Lowest reasonable level shall mean a reasonable ratio of costs incurred to limit the factors with adverse impact on employees’ health and the benefits for improved work conditions.
  7. The preventive health care facility providing preventive health care in the company shall inform the employer of exceeded limits of biological exposure tests. The facility shall be obliged to keep individual results of employees in confidence.
  8. Limit values of biological exposure tests will be established by the applicable executive regulation.

Where high-risk jobs are carried out, the employers shall, pursuant to Act Nr. 258/2000 Coll., Article 40, keep demonstrable records of these jobs.

Potential Penalties

In case of non-compliance with or violation of obligations set by Act Nr. 258/2000 Coll., or in relation thereof, or the Regional Public Health Officer regulation, pursuant to Article 85 thereof, and in case of non-compliance with or violation of obligations set by special legal regulation to regulate protection of health at work and preventive health care provided in the company by preventive health care facility, pursuant to Article 82, Clause 3(m) thereof, the Public Health Authority authorized to perform national health supervision can impose a penalty on a natural person carrying out business activities, or on a legal entity, as applicable, amounting to CZK 2,000,000.

If such non-compliance with or violation of obligations referred to in the previous paragraph results in an injury to health of natural persons, or spreading or danger of spreading epidemics the Public Health Authority referred to in paragraph 1 herein can impose a penalty on a natural person carrying out business activities, or on a legal entity, as applicable, amounting to CZK 3,000,000.

The Public Health Authority referred to in paragraph 1 herein can impose a penalty on a natural person carrying out business activities, or on a legal entity, as applicable, amounting to CZK 100,000 for false data and information.


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